Black History Facts for Today by

January 18
Dr. Daniel Hale Williams, educator and pioneer heart surgeon, was born on this date in 1856. Without anesthesia, Williams performed the world's first successful open-heart surgery at Provident Hospital in Chicago, IL, in 1893-a hospital he founded.

William L. Dawson of Chicago was appointed Chairman of the Committee on Expenditures in the Executive Department on this date in 1949. Dawson became the first black Congressman to chair a standing Congressional Committee.

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