Paul Laurence Dunbar, renowned poet and novelist, was born in Dayton, OH, on this date in 1872.
George "Little Chocolate" Dixon won the World Bantamweight Boxing Championship, on this date in 1890, becoming the first black person to win the World Boxing Championship.
Wendell Smith, columnist for the Pittsburgh Courier, a weekly publication, was born on this date in 1914. Smith is, perhaps, best known for his role in getting Jackie Robinson into Major League Baseball.
Archibald Grimke, diplomat, editor, and President of the Washington, DC, chapter of the NAACP for ten years, received the 5th NAACP Spingarn Medal on this date in 1919 for his distinguished service to his race and country.
Richard Wright, author, received the 26th NAACP Spingarn Medal on this date in 1941 for his powerful depiction of injustices against blacks in his books Native Son and Uncle Tom's Children.
Dr. Percy Julian, research chemist, received the 32nd NAACP Spingarn Medal on this date in 1947 for his distinguished work in chemistry and his discoveries that saved many lives.
Channing H. Tobias received the 33rd NAACP Spingarn Medal on this date in 1948 for his consistent role as defender of fundamental American liberties.
Harry T. Moore, NAACP leader who was assassinated in Florida, received the 37th NAACP Spingarn Medal posthumously on this date in 1952 for his work in integrating the University of Florida and expanding the black vote in Florida.
The African nation of Djibouti gained its independence on this date in 1977.
The Supreme Court ruled, on this date in 1979 (Weber v. Kaiser Aluminum and Chemical Corp.), that unions and employers can use voluntary programs and quotas, if necessary, to help minority employment.
Thurgood Marshall, the first black Supreme Court Justice, announced his retirement on this date in 1991.
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