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1 . January 13, 1869
The Convention of the Colored National Labor Union, the first black labor convention, was held in Washington, DC, on this date in 1869. Frederick Douglass was elected as its first president.
2 . January 24, 1885
Martin Robinson Delany, ethnologist, army officer, politician, and black nationalist, died on this date in 1885. He, along with Frederick Douglass, published the first issue of the North Star, an antislavery paper, in 1847.
3 . February 14, 1817
Frederick Augustus Douglass, orator, activist, and abolitionist, was born a slave in Tuckahoe, MD, on this date in 1817. Douglass was commemorated on a U.S. postage stamp issued on his birthday 150 years later.
4 . February 20, 1895
Frederick Augusta Douglass, orator and activist, died in Washington, DC, on this date in 1895. Douglass was a leading black spokesman for almost 50 years.
5 . March 11, 1874
Frederick Augustus Douglass, orator, activist, and abolitionist, was elected President of Freedmen's Bank and Trust on this date in 1874.
6 . March 18, 1877
Frederick Augustus Douglass was appointed Marshal of the District of Columbia by President Hayes on this date in 1877. Douglass was the first black person to receive a major U.S. government appointment.
7 . April 4, 1872
Isaac Scott Hathaway, renowned sculptor whose famous portraits include Frederick Douglass, Paul Laurence Dunbar, and Booker T. Washington, was born on this date in 1872.
8 . April 25, 1944
The United Negro College Fund (UNCF) was founded by Dr. Frederick Douglass Patterson on this date in 1944. This non-profit organization supports historically black colleges and universities.
9 . April 26, 1988
Dr. Frederick Douglass Patterson, educator, Doctor of Veterinary Medicine, humanitarian, and founder of the United Negro College Fund, died on this date in 1988.
10 . May 6, 1812
Martin Robinson Delany, ethnologist, army officer, politician, and Black Nationalist, was born a free man in Charles Town, WV, on this date in 1812. He, along with Frederick Douglass, published the North Star, an antislavery paper.
11 . May 11, 1986
Frederick Douglass "Fritz" Pollard, football player, coach, and the first black named to an All-American football team, died at age 92 on this date in 1986.
12 . May 17, 1881
Frederick Augustus Douglass was appointed Recorder of Deeds for the District of Columbia by President James A. Garfield on this date in 1881.
13 . June 20, 1922
Mary B. Talbert, President of the National Association of Colored Women, received the 8th NAACP Spingarn Medal on this date in 1922 for her services to Black women and for her contributions in restoring the Frederick Douglass home.
14 . July 1, 1889
Frederick Augustus Douglass was named minister to Haiti on this date in 1889 the first black person to hold this position.
15 . July 3, 1871
Joseph H. Douglass, celebrated violinist and grandson of Frederick Douglass, was born in Washington, DC, on this date in 1871.
16 . July 5, 1852
Frederick Augustus Douglass described the Fourth of July as a sham in his famous "What to the American Slave is Your Fourth of July?" speech on this date in 1852.
17 . July 14, 1988
Frederick Douglass Patterson, educator, Doctor of Veterinary Medicine, and humanitarian, received the 73rd NAACP Spingarn Medal on this date in 1988 for establishing the United Negro College Fund and for helping to get black pilots in the U.S. Air Force.
18 . July 19, 1848
Frederick Augustus Douglass was the only male to play a prominent role at the first Women's Rights Convention at Seneca Falls, NY, on this date in 1848. Douglass seconded the women's suffrage motion by their President Elizabeth Cady Stanton.
19 . August 20, 1944
The first ship named in honor of a black man, the SS Frederick Douglass, was lost at sea near Europe on this date in 1944.
20 . September 3, 1838
Frederick Augustus Douglass escaped from slavery in Baltimore, MD, on this date in 1838. Douglass was disguised as a sailor whose papers he had taken.
21 . September 6, 1848
The National Black Convention met in Cleveland, OH, and Frederick Augustus Douglass was elected as its first president on this date in 1848.
22 . September 6, 1866
Frederick Augustus Douglass, abolitionist, addressed the Republican National Convention as a delegate on this date in 1866. His powerful message on Negro suffrage set the stage for the 15th Amendment, giving blacks the right to vote.
23 . September 8, 1882
Sarah Mapps Douglass, abolitionist, died in Philadelphia, PA, on this date in 1882-one day before her 76th birthday.
24 . October 10, 1901
Dr. Frederick Douglass Patterson, educator, Doctor of Veterinary Medicine, humanitarian, and founder of the United Negro College Fund (UNCF), was born in Washington, DC, on this date in 1901.
25 . November 5, 1985
State Senator Lawrence Douglass Wilder was elected Lieutenant Governor of Virginia on this date in 1985-the first black person to hold this position in a Southern state since Reconstruction. Douglass was elected Governor of Virginia in 1989.
26 . November 16, 1972
Denver A. Smith and Leonard Douglass Brown were killed by the Baton Rouge, LA, police on this date in 1972. This act took place during a confrontation between blacks and the police on the campus of Southern University.
27 . December 3, 1847
Frederick Augustus Douglass and Martin Robinson Delany published the first issue of the North Star, an antislavery paper, on this date in 1847.
28 . December 6, 1989
Nathan I. Huggins, who wrote about Frederick Douglass and authored several works on the Harlem Renaissance, died in Boston, MA, on this date in 1989.
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